The Relationship Between Athlete's Perception of Intercollegiate Basketball Coach Leadership Behavior and Team Cohesiveness in Taiwan

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Absael M. Antelo


Judith Beauford


Tim Henrich


Hsin-I Liu


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between athletes' perceptions of intercollegiate basketball team cohesiveness and leadership behaviors of their coaches in Taiwan. A quantitative inquiry approach was used including two surveys delivered to 371 athletes. The Leadership Scale for Sports and Group Environment Questionnaire were administered to identify factors related to leadership behaviors and team cohesiveness. The research found a relationship between leadership behaviors and cohesiveness. Results partially match others in concluding that training and instruction, positive feedback, social support, and democratic behavior contribute to higher levels of task cohesion. The canonical procedure showed a strong correlation among the five leadership scales and the four sub-factors of group environment. The regression model showed that Training and Instruction, Democratic Behavior, and Individual Attraction to Group-Social made a significant contribution to the prediction of Team Performance as measured by win-loss percentage. Democratic behavior had a negative correlation to team performance. When modeling data from only female athletes, the model explained 14.8% of the variance in performance. When modeling with male, the model was not significant. Female coaches were perceived stronger in Training and Instruction, Democratic Behavior, Social Support, and Positive Feedback. In addition, the coach that had the same gender with athletes was perceived stronger in Training and Instruction, Democratic Behavior, Autocratic Behavior, Social Support, Positive Feedback, and Individual Attraction to Group-Social.

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