Logistical Barriers Faced by Women on Parole: A Critical Ethnography

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Roger Barnes


Julie Miller


Jessica Kimmel


Dorothy Ettling


This qualitative study explores the logistical barriers faced by women on parole as they attempt to comply with the requirements placed on them by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Nine women on parole were interviewed for this study. In addition, the researcher discussed parole barriers with the director of the area parole office and three parole officers who worked in that office. The research methodology used in this study was Critical Ethnography, with Critical Criminology being the focus of the analysis. This study includes a literature review of incarceration and parole in the United States and Texas. Several recurring themes pertaining to logistical barriers were identified as a result of the interviews. These were: (a) inefficient scheduling of parole mandates, (b) transportation, (c) association, (d) housing, and (e) employment and economic issues. These themes were discussed in depth. Other themes came to light as part of the research, but these barriers were in the area of policy and procedures of the parole system, and this research focused on the details of the basic physical organization of parole requirements. The study concludes with recommendations for changes that might reduce or eliminate these barriers to a successful completion of parole.

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