The Relationships Among Life Stress, Attitude Toward MDMA (Ecstasy) Intake, and Leisure Participation of Students at Institutes of Technology in Taipei, Taiwan
Date of Degree
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among life stress, self-efficacy attitude of MDMA, frequency of MDMA intake, and leisure participation of college students. This study was a quantitative correlational research design. The participants were asked to complete 4 instruments and a demographic questionnaire. The survey instruments included the Inventory of College Students' Recent Life Experiences (ICSRLE), which was used to assess college students' perceived life stress. The Self-efficacy Attitude of MDMA Scale was used to assess college students' attitude of MDMA. The Adolescent and Youth MDMA Intake Questionnaire was used to assess self-report frequency and situation of MDMA intake and the age of first MDMA intake. The Leisure Participation Scale was used to assess the frequency and situation of leisure participation. Survey instruments were randomly distributed to 500 college students at 5 institutes of technology in Taipei, Taiwan. Of those, 446 survey instruments were returned and 420 were deemed valid. The results of this study indicated that college students' life stress had a significant negative relationship with attitude of MDMA, negative correlation means high levels of life stress associated with low levels of attitude to refuse MDMA. Self-efficacy
attitude of MDMA is related to MDMA intake, students who have low self-efficacy attitude to reject MDMA are more inclined to actually use MDMA. In addition, college students' life stress had a significant negative relationship with leisure participation. The more leisure activity students participate in, the less stresse they feel. There were significant differences between genders and students' years at school in leisure participation. Male students generally participated in more leisure activity than female students, seniors participated in the highest level of leisure activity and juniors participated in the lowest level of leisure activity. There were significant differences between genders and students' years at school in life stress. Female students generally experienced higher levels of life stress than male students, juniors and seniors had higher levels of life stress and sophomores had the lowest level of life stress. A higher percentage of male students (10.6% ) had used MDMA than female students (4.6% ), female students had a higher level of self-efficacy attitude in rejecting MDMA than male students.
Lei, Wen-Chieh, "The Relationships Among Life Stress, Attitude Toward MDMA (Ecstasy) Intake, and Leisure Participation of Students at Institutes of Technology in Taipei, Taiwan" (2008). Theses & Dissertations. 195.