Student Engagement During the Transition From Single-Sex to Coeducation at the University Level: An Experience From Taiwan

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Francis Musa Boakari


Judith E. Beauford


M. Sharon Herbers


In this study, issues related to the transition from a single-sex to a coeducational university, student engagement, and learning outcomes at Tainan University of Technology (TUT) in Taiwan were examined. The researcher also explored factors perceived by the students and teachers as those that influence student engagement and learning outcomes during the transition period. Using an explanatory mixed methods research design, the researcher collected quantitative and qualitative data sequentially. Quantitative data were collected through surveys and from students' academic scores. A Chinese version of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 560 students. 537 of them were returned, resulting in a response rate of 96%. From random samples, students' academic scores in English (N=l,198) and Computer and Information Application (N= 1,023), as well as semester average scores (N=l,719) were obtained from the authorities of TUT. The qualitative data were collected from interviews with 6 teachers and 6 students. Pearson correlation and Spearman's rho were utilized to examine the correlations among variables. Independent-samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and one-way ANOVA with post hoc test were used to investigate the differences between variables.

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