The Relationships Among Presidential Leadership Behavior, University Culture and Leadership Effectiveness in Technology Universities in Taiwan

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Judith E. Beauford


Absael Antelo


Anita Mosley


Zhanbo Yang


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among presidential leadership behavior, university culture, and leadership effectiveness for academic work in 29 technology universities in Taiwan. A quantitative research methodology was designed for this research to investigate teachers’ perceptions of their president’s leadership behavior, university culture, and leadership effectiveness. This study employed a Chinese translation of the three modified instruments: the University Presidential Leadership Behavior Instrument (UPLBI), the University Culture Assessment Instrument (UCAI), and the Head o f School/Department Evaluation Questionnaire (HSEQ) to collect data from teachers working in these technology universities in Taiwan. A total o f 810 surveys were distributed. 681 surveys were returned (84.07%), of which 651 were valid (80.37%). Data analysis included factor analysis, frequencies, percentages, mean scores, independent-samples tests, one-way ANOVA with post-hoc tests, Pearson correlation, Spearman rho correlation, partial correlation, canonical correlation, multiple regression, cluster analysis, MANOVA, discriminant function analysis, and structural equation modeling. The statistical data were com puted by SPSS 14.0 for Windows, Excel, Statistica 6.0, and AMOS 6.0 with confidence level of .05. The results showed that significant differences were found in relation to demographic groups, including types of university, locations of university, gender, whether teachers participated in administrative duties, whether they were a homeroom teacher, and whether they studied abroad. Age had positive correlations with managing process and producing results of presidential leadership behavior and the overall leadership effectiveness. Working year had positive correlations with market culture. Presidential leadership behavior, university culture and leadership effectiveness were correlated. The results of structural equation modeling and path analysis showed presidential leadership behavior impacted leadership effectiveness and university culture significantly. In particular, relating to people of presidential leadership behavior was most influential factor on leadership effectiveness and university culture.

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