Athletes' Perceived and Preferred Leadership Behavior of Basketball Coaches at Universities in Taiwan

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Timothy Henrich


Judith Beauford


Sharon Herbers


Hsin-I Liu


The purpose of this study was to explore the possible relationship between athletes’ perceptions of and preferences for leadership behavior of basketball coaches at universities in northern Taiwan and the differences in the perceptions and preferences among demographic groups. The sample population of this study included Ji Long city, Taipei city, Taipei county, Tao Yuan county, and Xin Zhu county. Within this area, data were collected from 19 universities and 323 players who played in the Universities Taiwan Basketball Association (UTBA) in 2005. Data were collected through the use of a self-designed demographic information questionnaire and the revised Leadership Scale of Sports (LSS), which was used to measure the perceived and preferred coach’s leadership behavior. Data analyses used descriptive statistics included paired-samples t-test, independent sample t-test, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients, and one-way ANOVA. Primary findings included the following: (a) significant differences were found between preferred and perceived leadership behavior of coaches’ for training and instruction, autocratic behavior, and social support; (b) there were no significant correlation between percentage of wins and leadership behaviors; (c) male athletes indicated a higher preference for autocratic behavior from the coaches than did female athletes; (d) male athletes perceived their coaches to demonstrate more autocratic behavior than did female athletes; and (e) athletes perceived the male coaches as being more autocratic than the female coaches.

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