The Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles of Physical Education Directors and Its Association to Physical Education Teachers' and Coaches' Leadership Satisfaction in Taiwanese Colleges

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Nancy Robbins


Bill Carleton


Joseph W. Eyles


Absael Antelo


The purpose of this study was to identify the transformational and transactional leadership styles of physical education directors and its association to physical education teachers’ and coaches’ leadership satisfaction in Taiwanese colleges. This study involved ten selected college physical education directors, physical education teachers, and coaches. The instruments used to collect data were the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire 5X and a demographic survey. The data were compiled using a computer Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS) statistical program. Despite the promising results obtained with studies conducted in business settings, very few studies have been done to examine the transformational leadership model in college athletic/education settings. Physical education directors will certainly be interested in finding out whether the same findings will hold true in college athletic/education settings. The researcher of this study has found that there was a slightly significant relationship between transactional and transformational leadership, which means scores of transactional leadership decreased while scores of transformational leadership increased. It was not as the researcher expected which was a significant positive relationship between transactional and transformational leadership.

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