Title

Perceived Leadership Styles of Coaches and the Levels of Satisfaction and Performance of Elite Female Gymnasts in Taiwan

Date of Degree

5-2005

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Program

Education

Advisor

Richard Bell

Advisor

Nancy Robbins

Advisor

Jessica C. Kimmel

Advisor

Joseph Eyles

Abstract

This study investigated the perceived leadership styles of gymnastic coaches and the reported levels of satisfaction and performance of the athletes who play for them. These gymnast participants are female gymnasts competing in the National Taiwan Gymnastic Competition. The coaches were those who coached elite female gymnasts for the National Taiwan Gymnastic Competition. Sixteen coaches and 125 athletes completed the surveys. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire Short Form 5X was used to assess the coaches’ leadership styles and athletes’ satisfaction. An independent samples t test was used to measure the association between the perceived leadership styles of coaches and the level of satisfaction of the athletes who play for them. This research found that there is a statistically significant difference between age group of athletes and their levels of satisfaction. One-way repeated measures ANOVA measures the assessment of differences in perceptions of Transformational and Transactional Leadership based on athletes’ educational level. This examination showed there is no significant difference in this value measured by the athletes with different educational level.

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