Medical Subject Headings

Retrospective Studies; Photophobia; Veterans; Eyeglasses; Optic Atrophy


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to perform a retrospective chart review to see if the use of EScoop® lenses improved the referred veterans' contrast acuity and subjective visual discomfort of glare, photophobia, or difficulty with night driving. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed examinations of 23 veterans aged 36 to 91 who chose EScoop ® for their spectacle prescription. The EScoop ® set available in our clinic included two shades, yellow or orange, two center lens thicknesses (LT), 6 or 9 mm, and with or without 4 prism diopters yoked base up (BU) prism. Results: The largest diagnostic group tested was with traumatic brain injury (12 of 23), and they preferred the orange-tinted lens (10 of 12). The orange 9 mm LT with 4 prism diopters BU was the most commonly chosen EScoop® lens overall (5 of 23). Pre and post lens visual acuity testing with Sloan EDTRS LogMAR Low Contrast Chart at 25% contrast was available for 13 of the 23 patients. A small but statistically significant improvement of 0.11 decimal mean acuity (about one-line Snellen) under a low contrast condition was noted while wearing the preferred EScoop ® lenses (Wilcoxon Signed Rank P=0.015). Conclusion: Our retrospective study reviewed visually impaired patients with varied clinical conditions, including traumatic brain injury, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and optic atrophy. Upon informal questioning, the patients reported improvements in glare, photophobia, and night glare symptoms. Objectively, we measured approximately one line of improvement in contrast Snellen acuity, which was statistically significant. Further research is needed to discern the actual effectiveness of this lens.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)