Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Female; Cefuroxime; Optometrists; Cataract; Visual Acuity; Macular Degeneration; Phacoemulsification


Background: Cefuroxime-induced toxic maculopathy can occur when an incorrect dilution is injected intracamerally after cataract surgery. This results in a guarded visual prognosis. Cefuroxime-induced toxic maculopathy can also occur sporadically even when the medication dilution is the standard correct dosage. These patients usually recover their vision by the first postoperative week.

Case Report: A 72-year-old Caucasian female developed cefuroxime-induced toxic maculopathy after uneventful cataract surgery. Investigation of the case confirmed that she had a sporadic response to the cefuroxime. It was verified that she received the standard correct dilution of cefuroxime intracamerally. The patient showed a significant improvement in her vision by her first postoperative weekly visit. By her last postoperative visit at 7 weeks her best corrected visual acuity was 20/20.

Conclusion: Optometrists should be aware of cefuroxime-induced toxic maculopathy and distinguish between sporadic cases and those where the patient received an incorrect medication dilution dosage.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)