Title

Leadership Styles of Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps Instructors in a United States Southwest Metropolitan Secondary School District

Date of Degree

12-2009

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Program

Education

Advisor

Annette E. Craven

Advisor

Daniel G. Dominguez

Advisor

Jeannie J. Scott

Advisor

Absael Antelo

Abstract

The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify AFJROTC Aerospace Science Instructor leadership styles and the extent to which leadership outcomes were achieved in a Southwest metropolitan secondary school district as perceived by instructors and by cadets.

Instructors within AFJROTC programs are accountable to multiple stakeholders to include the school district, school administrators, parents and students. Additionally, they are accountable to the U.S. Air Force and to administrators of the AFJROTC program. This presents a challenging environment for instructors' that highlights the need for effective leadership. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify AFJROTC Aerospace Science Instructor leadership styles and the extent to which leadership outcomes were achieved in a Southwest metropolitan secondary school district as perceived by instructors and by cadets. The literature review consisted of four main sections: (a) Evolution of Leadership Theory, (b) Military Leadership, (c) Leadership Culture, and (d) Leader's Role

The study involved six secondary high schools with AFJROTC programs. The study methodology was quantitative and used a combination of questionnaire and survey to gather data. The leadership assessment instrument was the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire 5X developed by Bass (1985) and refined by Bass and Avolio (1995). There were 1,100 possible cadet participants and 20 possible Aerospace Science Instructor (ASI) participants. Twelve instructors responded to the questionnaire 60% (12 out of 20). Two hundred and forty one cadets responded to the questionnaire for a response rate of 21.90% (241 out of 1,100).

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